Treaty reform, designed to end the foreigners' judicial and economic privileges provided by extraterritoriality and fixed customs duties was sought as early as 1871 when the Iwakura mission went to the United States and Europe. Konstantin Petrovich Pobedonostsev (Russian: Константи́н Петро́вич Победоно́сцев, IPA: [kənstɐnʲˈtʲin pʲɪˈtrovʲɪtɕ pəbʲɪdɐˈnostsɨf]; 21 May 1827 - 23 March 1907) was a Russian jurist, statesman, and adviser to three Tsars.He was the chief spokesman for reactionary positions. He was the "éminence grise" of imperial politics during the reign ... In the past two decades, a sizeable body of research has come to look at Russia and the USSR as empires with a diversity of national-cultural-ethnic groups.
"Ideologies of Authority and Institutional Settings." Chapter 1 in Ruling Peasants: Village and State in Late Imperial Russia. 2007, pp.